fbpx

Medieval London: Holy Trinity Priory

If you peer in the window of a modern office building at the end of Leadenhall Street, where it meets Fenchurch Street, you can see what is left of Holy Trinity Priory.

If you peer in the window of a modern office building at the end of Leadenhall Street, where it meets Fenchurch Street, you can see what is left of Holy Trinity Priory. All that remains is an arch which once led from the choir to a side chapel. There is little to indicate the priory’s former grandeur.

Holy Trinity was one of England’s wealthiest religious houses, and after the crown it was the largest landowner in the capital. We have a papal taxatio – a valuation – from 1291 which gives as the annual rental of its possessions the enormous sum of £235 10s 63/4d. The same document shows Holy Trinity owning land in 72 of London’s parishes.

The priory was founded in 1108 by Queen Matilda as a house for Augustinian canons These were secular priests (not monks) who came to live together following the monastic rule of St Augustine of Hippo. This included taking vows of poverty and obedience, but with the burdens of the rule lightened so that the canons would have time to go outside the priory to preach and tend to the needy.

The number of canons varied between 18 and 40. They were headed by a prior whose importance was reflected in his being by right of his office an alderman, one of the twelve most senior members of the City Corporation below the mayor.

The wealth of the house ensured that when Henry VIII decided to take over the monasteries it was at the top of the hit list. It was the first of the large houses in England, and the first of all religious houses in London to be dissolved.

Find out more about the Medieval London. Book tickets for Ian McDiarmid’s Medieval London Walk now. Private tour also available here.

I liked the article
Share this article with your friends via through social media
Linkedin
London History Podcast:
November 27, 2020
32: Medieval Guilds

Comments:

Leave a Comment

Read also:

Tachbrook Street Market, Pimlico SW1

Just south of the hustle and bustle of Victoria Station, built in the great Victorian railway age, is as a long-established shopping area and market.
June 15, 2022
Read more

Things to do in London: Borough Market

Hidden behind the world-famous Borough Market is one of London’s most historic quarters. The streets south of London Bridge teem with 2,000 years of history. Borough Market is an excellent place to start to explore this history and is London's oldest food market - sounds like a win-win for us!
June 9, 2022
Read More

Pepys in Clapham

The famous diarist Samuel Pepys, while a City gent, has a strong and very final link with Clapham Common.
June 7, 2022
Read More

Book a private tour

Book a private tour
See All Tours

Guided Walks Calendar

Calendar of Events

M Mon

T Tue

W Wed

T Thu

F Fri

S Sat

S Sun

0 events,

0 events,

0 events,

0 events,

0 events,

3 events,

Featured - Recurring

Georgian London Walk

3 events,

- Recurring

Best of Blackfriars Walk

0 events,

0 events,

0 events,

0 events,

0 events,

4 events,

Featured - Recurring

Heretics and Horrors City Walk

2 events,

0 events,

0 events,

0 events,

1 event,

0 events,

3 events,

2 events,

0 events,

0 events,

0 events,

0 events,

1 event,

1 event,